5 – White Balance

Today we experimented with the white balance settings on the DLSR camera’s. We had to film a ransom scene. We needed to film two of these scenes indoors and two of these scenes outdoors. We only made a very simplistic and very short video. The room we used to film indoors was the small waiting room outside Conference Room 3. This room was fairly orange (between 3000 and 4000 degrees kelvin in light temperature, similar to studio tungsten lights). We just used an outdoor bench when outside. The weather was cloudy (around 5000 degrees kelvin in light temperature).

In temperature settings, the high degrees are met with light colours, like blue. We affiliate blue with being cold and therefore a cold temperature. But in light temperatures it is the other way round. This means that colours like red, which we assume to be hot, are actually cold temperatures.

What is ‘White Balance’ and why do we need it? White Balance is the camera setting that allows you to change the tone of the camera’s colours to match the environment in which you are filming in. If you are filming during a cloudy day, but have the white balance settings on ‘Tungsten’ (which is a light-bulb colour setting) then the colour’s will not be representative on the camera in comparison to the colour of the environment. We use white balance to make the colour appear on the camera to match the colour of the environment. if we manually use white balance then we can make the camera think that one colour is another. Usually for a manual white balance, you would take a picture of a white sheet and set it as the white balance, but if you wanted to, then you could take a picture of a green sheet and set it as the white balance.

The white balance settings available to you are ‘Auto’, ‘Daylight’, ‘Shade’, ‘Cloudy’, ‘Tungsten’, ‘Fluorescent’ and ‘Flash’.

http://www.digitalslrphoto.com/dslrbasics/startersguides/13068/dslr_starters_guides_white_balance.html

White balance is the ability to change the colour of what the screen is showing. You can create two manual colour’s that you can change between. White balance is sufficient both to the people creating the film and the people viewing it. White balance is important to the people creating the film for technical reasons. The technical reasons for this are that it may be a really bright day and the light levels need altering in order to make the picture clearer. The viewing reasons for altering the colour of what is being captured are that it may set a certain mood and the viewer may feel a certain way towards a film. White balance, like the multiple types of camera shots, puts the viewers in the scene as it makes them feel as if they are actually in the movie. White balance puts the viewers in the scene because the levels of colour and light in the picture can make you feel scared or sad or many other emotions because different colours represent different feelings. Blue for example is a cold colour and makes the viewers feel ill at ease. Pink is a colour that makes the viewers feel uncomfortable because it is not a usual colour to use and so the viewers will feel like something is out of place in the context of the film story. White balance can be combined well with camera shots. For example the camera could be looking up at someone to make him look like a dominant figure, but then the white balance could use dark shadows or blue colours to portray the character in a negative way.

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